In a historic verdict, India’s Supreme Court ruled that gay sex is no longer a criminal offence in the country and .

The ruling overturns a 2013 judgement that upheld a colonial-era law, known as section 377, under which gay sex is categorised as an “unnatural offence”.

It is one of the world’s oldest laws criminalizing gay sex, and India had been reluctant to overturn it.

An Indian supporter of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender (LGBT) community takes part in a pride parade in Bhopal on July 15, 2018. – Supreme court of India is hearing petitions for the protection of the rights of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer people. (Photo by – / AFP) (Photo credit should read -/AFP/Getty Images)

Campaigners outside the court cheered and some broke into tears as the ruling was handed down.

“Criminalising carnal intercourse is irrational, arbitrary and manifestly unconstitutional,” Chief Justice Dipak Misra said while reading out his judgement.

Another judge, Indu Malhotra, said she believed “history owes an apology” to LGBT people for ostracising them

The law was first struck down by the Delhi high court in 2009, but it was reinstated by the Supreme Court in 2013, after several political, social and religious groups petitioned for its restoration.

But in 2016, the court decided to revisit that ruling after campaigners submitted what is known as a “curative petition”, which is a formal request to review an earlier court order perceived as a “miscarriage of justice”.

Even though public opinion in India’s biggest cities has been in favour of scrapping the law, there remains strong opposition among religious groups and in conservative rural communities.

But this ruling from the top court is now the final say in the matter as it cannot be challenged any further. As such, it represents a huge victory for India’s LGBT community.

WHAT IS SECTION 377?

It is a 157-year-old colonial-era law which criminalises certain sexual acts as “unnatural offences” that are punishable by a 10-year jail term.

The law punishes, in its own words, “carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal”.

While the statute criminalises all anal and oral sex, it has largely affected same-sex relationships.

But it is still too early to say what this can translate to in the longer term.

The judges explicitly said that they only ruled on the constitutional validity of section 377 and were not looking at it in terms of other rights such as those related to marriage or inheritance.

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